1. put down 放下
   shut down 把…关上
   cut down 砍掉
   come down 下来、落下
   slow down 减缓、放慢
   sit down 坐下
   write down 写下
   get down 下来,降落
    2. after all 毕竟.终究
   after that 于是.然后
   day after day 日复一日地
   one after another 相继.挨次
   soon after 不久以后
   the day after tomorrow 后天
    3. come up with 找到、提出
   catch up with 赶上
   wake up 弄醒、醒来
   send up 发射
   open up 开设、开办
   grow up 长大
   pick up 拾起、捡起
   hands up 举手
   eat up 吃光
   clean up 打扫干净
   give up doing sth.=stop doing sth. 放弃做某事
    4. arrive at/in + n. 到达
   get to +n. 到达
   reach + n. 到达
   arrive / get +adv. 到达
    5. get…back 退还,送回去.取回
   give back 归还
   come back 回来
   at the back of 在…的后面
   on the way (back)home 在回家路上
    6. at least 至少
   at breakfast 早餐时
   at desk 在桌前
   at once立刻,马上
   at school 在上学
   at the same time 同时
   at work 在工作
   be good at=do well in 擅长
   laugh at 嘲笑
   not…at all 一点也不
   at first 起初
   at night 在晚上
   at noon 中午
   at the age of // when sb. was…years old 在…岁时
   at last / in the end / finally 最后、终于
   at the beginning of the twenty-first century 在21世纪初
   at the end of 在…终点、结尾
   at the moment // now现在
   at the foot of 在…脚下
   at Christmas 在圣诞节
   at any moment 任何时候
   at times(sometimes) 有时,偶尔
   at the doctor’s 在医务室be bad at不擅长
    7. for example 例如
   for ever 永远
   be good for 对…有益
   be bad for 对…有害
   for long=for a long time 长期
   for short 简称
   be short for 是…的简称
   TV is short for “television”
    8. come true 实现
   come down 下来
   come from=be from 来自,出生于
   come in/into 进入,进来
   come on 赶快
   come over 过来
   come along 走吧,过来,快点
   come and go 来来去去
   come up 上来
   come out 出来,(花)开,(照片)冲洗出来
    9. even though=even if 即使、虽然、尽管
    10. be pleased with 对…感到满意
   be covered with 被…覆盖
   be expected to do sth. 被期望做某事
   be proud of 以…自豪
   speak highly of 称赞
   be afraid of 害怕
   hear of 听说(hear from sb.收到某人的来信)
   of course=certainly 当然可以
   plenty of= a lot of 许多
  11. by the way 顺便说
   by oneself 单独,独自
   by the end of 到…为至
   by the time (引起时间状语从句)到…的时候
   one by one 依次
   by air / plane 乘飞机
   by bus / train / car 乘公共汽车/火车/轿车
   catch a bus 赶公交车
   get on / off the bus上/下车
   take a bus to…=go to …by bus乘车去
    12. do / try one’s best 尽力
   do one’s homework 做家庭作业
   do (the/some) shopping 购物
   do the cooking 烹饪
   do some cleaning 打扫
   do the / some washing 洗衣服
   do sport 做运动
   do with sb / sth. 处理
   well done 干得好
    13. early in the morning 一大早
   in the early spring 初春
   in my early days 我幼年时期
   early bus 早班车
    14. make a contribution to 贡献给、捐献
   make a telephone call to sb. // ring sb. up // give sb. a call //
   phone sb.给某人打电话
   be close to 靠近(某地)
   give birth to 生(孩子)
   lose to sb 输给sb .
    15. either…or… 或者…或者…
   on either side of the street 街道任何一边
   on each side of the street 街道每一边
   on both sides of the street 街道两边
    16. keep doing sth. 不停地做某事(表示状态继续)
   keep on doing sth. 坚持做某事(表示动作反复进行)
   practise doing sth. 练习做某事
   enjoy doing sth. 喜欢做某事
   finish doing sth. 做完某事
   go on doing sth. 继续做某事(同一件事)
    17. go on to do sth. 接着做某事(另一事)
   go straight along 沿着…一直往前走
   go down 下降
   go for a walk 散步
   go over 复习
   go shopping 买东西
   go to the cinema 去看电影
   go well 进展顺利
   go off to 动身前往
   go out 外出
   go to work 去上班
   go up 上升
   want a go 想试一试
    18. think about 考虑
   think of 认为、想起、考虑、想到
   think over 仔细考虑
   think out 想出
   talk about 谈论
   worry about 担心
   How / What about…?…怎么样?
    19. borrow…from … 从…借…
   lend…to… 把…借给…
   from door to door 挨家挨户
   from time to time 时时
   from now on 从今以后
   from then on 从那以后
   be different from 与…不同
   learn…from… 向…学习
    20. get dressed 穿衣
   get into 进入
   get / be lost 丢失
   get off / on下/ 上车
   get on well with sb. 与某人相处得好
   get out of 从…出来
   get ready for +n. 为…做准备
   get ready to do sth. 准备做某事
   get / go to sleep (fall asleep) 入睡
   be asleep 睡着
   get warm 变暧
   get well 康复
   get a chance 有机会、得到机会
  21. look for 寻找
   wait for 等候
   look after=take care of 照看
   look like 看起来像
   look over 检查,复习
   look out 小心,从里向外看
   look the same 看起来一样
   look up 向上看,查单词
   look around 环视
   look forward to 期望
   look through 温习,检查
    22. set off 出发、动身
   put off 推迟
   keep off 避开、不靠近…
   drop off 放下(某物)
   turn off 关
   jump off 跳离
   take off 脱(衣),(飞机)起飞
    23. half a kilo 半千克
   half an hour 半小时
   in half 分成两半
   half of the day 半天
    24. do eye exercises 做眼保健操
   do morning exercises 做早操 take (more) exercise (多)参加体育锻炼
   an exercise book 练习本
    25. take part in 参加
   hand in 上交
   in hospital 住院
   in surprise 吃惊地
   in the sun 在阳光下
   in trouble 处于困境
   in a minute / moment马上
    26. leave for… 动身去某地
    27. feed on 以…为主食
   live on 继续活着
   base on 以…为根据
   carry on 坚持、继续下去
   and so on 等等
   on the other hand 另一方面
   on foot 步行
   28. be famous for 以..著名
   be excited about +n./V-ing 对…感到兴奋
   be interested in 对…感兴趣
   be born 出生
   be busy with sth.=be busy doing sth. 忙于…
   be amazed at 对..感到惊讶
    29. move away 移开
   move to (搬)移到
    30. search the Internet 上网
  31. make sure 确信
   make a dialogue 编对话
   make a mistake 犯错误
   by mistake 由于疏忽
   make a noise 吵闹
   make faces 做鬼脸
   make friends (with) 和..交朋友
   make room for 给..让地方
   make tea 沏茶
   make money 赚钱
   make a decision 作出决定
    32. used to do sth 过去常常做某事
   be used to doing sth. 习惯于做某事
    33. leave sth+介词短语 “把……忘记在某处”
    34. forget to do sth. 忘记做某事
   encourage sb. to do sth. 鼓励某人做某事
   decide to do sth. 决定做某事
   allow sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事
    35. hear sb. to do (doing)sth. 听见某人做某事
    36. help sb. (to) do sth .//help sb. with sth. 帮助某人做某事
   with one’s help 在某人的帮助下
   with pleasure 乐意
    37. the summer holiday(s) 暑假
   the winter holiday(s) 寒假
    38. step into 走进
   pour into 倒入…
    39. in the first 第一
   for the first time 第一次
   at first 起初
   a firs t language 母语
   first of all 首先
    40. leave a message for sb. 给某人留条
   give / take sb. a message 给某人捎口信
  41. take photos / pictures 照像
   take away 拿走
   take out 取出
   work out 算出
   take care 当心
   take medicine 服药
   take one’s temperature 量体温
   take one’s time 别着急
   take a walk 散步
   take place 发生
    42. learn by oneself / teach oneself 自学
   learn by heart 背熟
    43. a year and a half (one and a half years ) 一年半
    44. have a try 尝试,努力
   try out 尝试、试验
   find out / about 找出,查明
   have a good / wonderful / great / time 玩得开心
   have a (bad) cold (重)感冒
   have a meeting / walk / watch 开会/散步/比赛
   have sports 进行体育活动
   have nothing / sth. to do with 与..无(有)关
   have no idea 不知道
   have (one’s) medicine 服药
    45. offer sb sth. 给某人提供某物
    46. win first prize 获一等奖
    47. all over the world= around the world =throughout the world 全世界
    48. all kinds of 各种各样的
    49. neither… nor 既不…也不….
    50. not only … but also … 不但…而且
   both… and ……和…都
  51. the more , the better 越多越好
    52. all one’s life 一生
    53. as soon as 一…就…
   as soon as possible 尽可能早地、尽快
   as well = too也
   as much as 至多
   as little as 至少
   regard …as 把…当作…
   as if 好像
    54. no matter 无论…
    55 ever since 从那以后,此后一直
    56. so far 到目前为止
   or so大约
    57. another two hours (=two more hours ) 又(再) 2个小时
    58. three times a week 一周三次
    59. the number of… 的数量
   a (large / good) number of / large numbers of / many 许多
    60. less than少于 , less and less 越来越少
  61. …is another way of saying… 什么是..的另一说法 Quick is another way of saying fast. Bike is short for bicycle.
    62. not…until… 直到…才…
    63. be like 像
   feel like +n./V-ing 想要
   like best 最喜欢 , would like to 想要
    64. the 24 hour clock 24 小时制
    65. wash away 冲走
   run away 逃跑
   take away 带走
    66. before long 不久
   long before / ago 很久以前
   for long =for a long time 长期
   no longer = not. .any longer 不再
    67. more or less = about 或多或少,大约
   more than = over 多于,超过
    68. every year 每年
   every four years 每隔四年
   every other day 每隔一天
   everyday English / life 日常英语/生活
    69. next to 紧挨着
   next door 隔壁,邻居
   next year 明年
   next time 下次
   70. receive / get / have a letter from sb. = hear from sb 收到某人的来信
   71. on show = on display 展览
    72.be filled with / be full of 充满…
    73. thank to =because of 由于
    74. some day =one day (将来)某一天
   all day 终日
   day and night 日日夜夜
   in a day or two 一两天内
   in the old days 从前,旧社会
   from day to day (day after day) 日复一日
   the day before yesterday 前天
   the day after tomorrow 后天
   Tree Planting Day 植树节
   Women’s Day 妇女节
    75. keep / stop / prevent… (from) doing sth. 防止(阻止)…做某事
   stop to do sth. 停下来去做某事
   stop doing sth. 停止做某事
    76. nice and +adj. = very +adj. 很,非常
    77. a place (places) of interest 名胜
    78. three quarters of the information on the Internet 因特网上四分之三的信息
   two thirds of the books 三分之二的书
    79. credit card 信用卡
    80. the increasing population 增长着的人口
   81. a path of travel 旅行路线
    82. point at / to 指向
    83. by sea = by ship 乘船
   by the sea = on the sea 在海边
   at sea在海上
    84. set one’s mind to do sth. 一心想做某事
    85. multiply…by… 乘以…
    86. See you! 再见
   You see. 你知道,你明白,你瞧
   Let me see. 让我想想
   see sb. off 给某人送行
   see a / the doctor 看病
   see sb . do / doing sth. 看见某人做某事
    87. some…others 一些(人,物)…其他(人,物)
   one…another 一个..另一个(三者或以上 )
   one…the other 一个…另一个(总数二个)
    88. be worn out 穿旧,磨坏
   check out 核实,检查
   write out 写出
   take sth. out of 从…拿出/取出某物
    89. in this way 用这种方法
   in a few year’s time 几年以后
   in space 在太空
   in and out of class 在课内课外
   in the last fifteen minutes 在最后十五分钟里
   in the second half 在下半场
   later in one’s life 在某人后半身
   in the air 在空中
   in the open air 在户外
    90. give sb. an injection给某人打针 , get an injection打针
  91. have been to 去过某地
   have gone to 到某地去了
    92. here + be+ 名词+ for+某人 ( Here is a letter for you. 这儿有你的一封信.)
    93. be far behind +某人 (He is far behind others. 他落后于别人)
    94. one of + adj. 最高级+复数名词
    95. take +某物+with +某人 (You’d better take an umbrella with you. 你最好带上雨伞)
    96. prefer to= like…better than 宁愿,更喜欢
   prefer + V-ing (to do sth.) ( I prefer doing (to do) it myself .我喜欢自己做那件事).
   Would / should 等情态动词 + prefer +不定式. (I would prefer to do it myself.我宁愿自己做那件事)
   prefer +名词(v-ing) + to+名词 (v-ing) (I prefer learning English to playing football.我愿意学英语而不愿踢足球)
   prefer +不定式(名词)+ rather than + 不带to的不定式, (I prefer to walk there rather than go by bus.我喜欢走着去那里,
   prefer + 名词(代词) to do sth. (We prefer her not to come.我们宁愿她不来)
    97. 人+ spend +time (money) +(in) doing sth. (I spent over two hours (in) finishing my homework.我花了两个多小时完成家庭
   人 + spend + time (money) + on +名词, (He spent 1,000 on the TV set .他花了一千元买电视机)
   人 + pay + money +for +sth. ( He paid ten yuan for the book .他花了10元钱买那本书.)
   It + takes (will take, / took…) + sb. + time (money) + to do sth. (It’ll take you only ten minutes to get there by bus.乘车去那里只花你10分钟)
   物+ cost + (sb.) + money, (The dictionary cost me 20 yuan .我花20元钱买了那本词典)
    98. do with + sb. / sth. (What have you done with the pork ? 那些肉你怎么处理了?)
    99. mind + if 从句, (Do you mind if I open the window?我开窗你不反对吧?)
   mind + V-ing, (Would you mind turning on the TV?打开电视你不反对吧?)
    100. what…for? / why…? (What do you learn English for? = Why do you learn English?)
  101. need + 名词 (v-ing), (The students need some help.学生们需要帮助.This pair of shoes needs mending.这双鞋需要修理)
    102. “be used for+ 名词(v-ing),”被用来做.. (A writing brush is used for writing.)
   “be used as+名词”, 被作为…使用 (English is used as the first language in none of these countries. )
   “be used by+动作执行者”, 被…使用,
    103. be made of 由…制造(This table is made of wood .这张课桌是木制的)
   be made from由…制成 (This kind of paper is made from wood . 这种纸是用木材制成的)
   be made in+地点, “某地制造”(These cars are made in Germany) be made by+人, “由谁制造的” (This kite is made by Kate . )
    104. more developed countries发达国家, less developed countries不发达国家, developing countries发展中国家
    105. be worth + money (V-ing),值…钱.值得做…This car is worth more than two million yuan in China. This book is well worth reading.这本书很值得一读.
    106. the Summer Palace 颐和园
   Tian’anmen Square 天安门广场
   the Palace Museum 故宫
   the Great Hall of the People 人民大会堂
   the Temple of Heaven 天坛
   the Great Green Wall 绿色长城
   PLA 中国人民解放军
   PRC 中华人民共和国
   the Party 中国共产党
   the League 共青团
   Peking Opera 京剧
    107. a digital camera 数字照相机
   a doctor for animals = an animal doctor 动物医生
    108. so + 形/副+that 从句 (The place is so cold that nothing can grow in winter .这地方太冷,冬天什么都不长)
   so + many / few+ 复数名词 +that从句 (He has so many books that I don’t know which one to borrow. 他有那么多书,我不
   so + much / little+ 不可数名词+that从句 (She has so little money that she can’t buy anything .她钱太少,什么也买不
   so+ 形容词 +a / an +单数名词 +that从句 (This is so good a book that all of us like reading it )
   such +a / an+ 形容词+单数名词+ that从句 (This is such an interesting story that all of us like it)
   such +形容词+复数名词+that从句. such +形容词+不可数名词+that从句 (It is such fine weather today that many children are playing outside)
    109. tell sb about sth.告诉某人关于某事 , tell sb+从句, tell sb. to do sth.让某人做某事
   tell a lie说谎 , tell a story讲故事 , thank you for +n ./V-ing 谢谢你… too + adj. / adv. + to + v.太…而不能, too much(修饰名词)太多,过分 , much too(修饰adj./adv.)太
    110. hope / wish+不定式(或从句), wish sb. to do sth. What do you mean by…?= What does… mean?…是什么意思?

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